Skip to content

Teacher Effectiveness Framework Report

To understand teacher effectiveness, we use a framework that places the classroom, particularly the teacher, at the centre of student learning.

Image by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images/Images of Empowerment

Teacher Effectiveness Framework Executive Summary - 3 MB

Download PDF

Teacher Effectiveness Framework Full Report - 5 MB

Download PDF


Teachers play a central role in shaping young children’s lives by preparing them to navigate today’s dynamic world. Teacher quality is an essential determinant of student learning. For instance, moving from a 10th percentile teacher to a 90th percentile teacher has been shown to increase learning by the equivalent of two years in Uganda (2017).

Cultivating successful teachers has outsized returns for society. Teaching effectively, however, is a complex job. This report presents evidence to support policymakers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to improve teacher effectiveness in their contexts.

First, we present a theoretical framework describing the different elements of teacher effectiveness. Next, we discuss global evidence on what works for improving teacher effectiveness along the elements described in our framework. Finally, we focus on India and share the state of teachers in India and recommendations on enabling them to be more effective.